INDEX

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Index:  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X, Y, Z


The texts reproduced here do not have the legal standing of the original documents which are entrusted and kept at the WTO Secretariat in Geneva.


Balance of Payments, Declaration on Trade Measures for Purposes of (1979): see Balance of Payments, Understanding on GATT XII and XVIII:B and the provisions of the Declaration on Trade Measures taken for Balance of Payments Purposes (1979)

balance of payments difficulties, developing country Members’ right to take import measures (GATT XVIII:B): see also Balance of Payments, Understanding on GATT XII and XVIII:B and the provisions of the Declaration on Trade Measures taken for Balance of Payments Purposes (1979)

consultations: see balance of payments restrictions, consultations (BOPU 13/GATT XII:4/GATT XVIII:12/GATS XXII:5)

difficulties from efforts to expand internal markets and (GATT XVIII:8)

equilibrium, obligation to pay due regard to (GATT XVIII:11)

instability in terms of trade and (GATT XVIII:8)

progressive relaxation obligation (GATT XVIII:11 and Note Ad)

restrictions giving priority to products essential to development (GATT XVIII:10)

conditions

restrictions, right to impose (GATT XVIII:9)

conditions

right (GATT XVIII:2)

balance of payments restrictions (Balance of Payments Understanding): see Balance of Payments Restrictions Committee (WTO IV:7); Balance of Payments, Understanding on GATT XII and XVIII:B and the provisions of the Declaration on Trade Measures taken for Balance of Payments Purposes (1979)

Balance of Payments Restrictions Committee (WTO IV:7)

applicability of, full consultation procedures (1970) (BISD 18S/48-53), applicability (BOPU 5)

functions

at request of Member (BOPU 10)

consultations on balance of payments restrictions: see balance of payments restrictions, consultations (BOPU 13/GATT XII:4/GATT XVIII:12/GATS XXII:5)

review of balance of payments restrictions (BOPU 10): see also Balance of Payments, Understanding on GATT XII and XVIII:B and the provisions of the Declaration on Trade Measures taken for Balance of Payments Purposes (1979), review of measures under GATT XII:4(b) or XVIII:12(b)

General Council recommendations (BOPU 13)

assessment of Members’ rights and obligations in light of

time-schedule, adherence to as compliance with GATT obligations

membership (BOPU 5)

reporting procedures, consultations (BOPU 13)

reports to General Council following consultation, requirements (BOPU 13)

full consultation procedures and

conclusions together with facts and reasons for

recommendations promoting implementation of GATT XII and XVIII:B, 1979 Declaration and BOPU

record of views in absence of recommendations

simplified consultation procedures and

balance of payments restrictions, consultations (BOPU 13/ GATT XII:4/GATT XVIII:12/GATS XXII:5)

BOP Understanding, paras. 5-13

finding of inconsistency

action (GATT XII:4(c)(i)/GATT XVIII:12(c)(i))

serious inconsistency (GATT XII:4(c)(ii)/GATT XVIII:12(c)(ii))

special external factors adversely affecting trade and (GATT XII:4(e) and Ad Article)

IMF findings, acceptance of (GATS XII:5(e))

obligation to consult

“immediately”

GATT XII:4(a)

GATT XVIII:12(a)

“promptly” (GATS XII:5(a))

procedures

Basic Document, requirements (BOPU 11)

description of restrictions, legal basis and measures to reduce side-effects

measures taken to liberalize restrictions in light of last consultation

overview of situation and prospects including relevant factors and domestic policy measures

plan for elimination/progressive reduction of remaining restrictions

simplified procedures and

in case of new restrictions or substantial intensification of measures (BOPU 9/GATT XII:4(a))

developing and least-developed country Members (Declaration, para. 9 and BOPU 8)

establishment (GATS XII:5(b))

GATS/GATT equivalence (footnote 4)

expeditious determination, need for

GATT XII:4(f)

GATT XVIII:12(f)

General Council recommendations: see Balance of Payments Restrictions Committee (WTO IV:7), General Council recommendations (BOPU 13)

Ministerial Decision on

periodicity of consultation, alteration (BOPU 7)

relevant factors (BOPU 6)

reports: see Balance of Payments Restrictions Committee (WTO IV:7), reports to General Council following consultation, requirements (BOPU 13)

request for consultation

in absence of (BOPU 6)

prima facie case of inconsistency and adverse effects, need for (GATT XII:4(d)/GATT XVIII:12(d))

under GATT XII:4(a) or XVIII:12(a) (BOPU 6)

rights

to request information (Chairman)

to request review (Member)

to seek clarifications in course of consultation (Committee member)

to submit questions in advance (Committee member)

secrecy requirement (Ad Article)

Secretariat background paper (BOPU 12)

developing country Members and

simplified consultation procedures (1972) (BISD 20S/47-49), applicability (BOPU 8)

Basic Document requirements and (BOPU 11)

report to General Council following consultation and (BOPU 13)

time-limits (BOPU 6)

recommendation of withdrawal or modification (GATT XII:4/XVIII:12(c)(ii))

recommendation of withdrawal or modification (GATT XII:4(d)/ GATT XVIII:12(c)(ii))

failure to comply

restrictions, review (GATT XVIII:12(b) and Ad Article)

scope (GATS XII:5(c))

compliance with GATS XII:2 (GATS XII:5(d))

withdrawal from GATT, right of (GATT XVIII:12(e))

balance of payments restrictions (GATT XVIII:B), DSU, applicability to disputes relating to

balance of payments, restrictions to safeguard (GATS XII): see also balance of payments difficulties, developing country Members’ right to take import measures (GATT XVIII:B); balance of payments, restrictions to safeguard (GATT XII); Balance of Payments, Understanding on GATT XII and XVIII:B and the provisions of the Declaration on Trade Measures taken for Balance of Payments Purposes (1979)

consultations: see balance of payments restrictions, consultations (BOPU 13/GATT XII:4/GATT XVIII:12/GATS XXII:5)

economic or development programmes, priority (GATS XII:3)

Members in process of economic development or transition and (GATS XII:1)

non-IMF Member, review procedure (GATS XII:6)

notification obligations (GATS XII:4)

requirements

avoidance of unnecessary damage to interests of another Member (GATS XII:2(c))

IMF Articles of Agreement, consistency with (GATS XII:2(b))

non-discrimination (GATS XII:2(a))

progressive phase-out (GATS XII:2(e))

proportionality (“not exceed those necessary to deal with”) (GATS XII:2(d))

serious difficulties or threat thereof (GATS XII:1)

balance of payments, restrictions to safeguard (GATT XII): see also Balance of Payments Restrictions Committee (WTO IV:7); Balance of Payments, Understanding on GATT XII and XVIII:B and the provisions of the Declaration on Trade Measures taken for Balance of Payments Purposes (1979), review of measures under GATT XII:4(b) or XVIII:12(b)

consultations on new measures or substantial intensification of existing measures, obligation (BOPU 9/GATT XII:4(a)): see balance of payments restrictions, consultations (BOPU 13/GATT XII:4/GATT XVIII:12/ GATS XXII:5), procedures

employment/economic development measures and (GATT XII:3(d))

equilibrium, obligation to pay due regard to (GATT XII:3(a) and GATT XVIII:11)

international trade considerations

essential products, right to give priority to (GATT XII:3(b))

obligation to avoid (GATT XII:3)

damage to commercial or economic interests of other party (GATT XII:3(c)(i) and Ad Article)

prevention of compliance with intellectual property protection procedures (GATT XII:3(c)(iii))

prevention of importation of samples (GATT XII:3(c)(iii))

unreasonable prevention of imports (GATT XII:3(c)(ii))

persistent and widespread restrictions as indication of disequilibrium (GATT XII:5)

right to impose (GATT XII:1)

“shall not exceed those necessary” (GATT XII:2(a))

progressive relaxation (GATT XII:2(b))

in response to imminent threat or actual serious decline in reserves (GATT XII:2(a)(i))

special factors, relevance

to achieve reasonable rate of increase (GATT XII:2(a)(ii))

Balance of Payments, Understanding on GATT XII and XVIII: B and the provisions of the Declaration on Trade Measures taken for Balance of Payments Purposes (1979): see also balance of payments difficulties, developing country Members’ right to take import measures (GATT XVIII:B)

application of measures

allowable quantities or values, justification (BOPU 4)

discretionary licensing, avoidance/phasing out (BOPU 4)

justification of criteria (BOPU 4)

limitation to balance of payments requirements (BOPU 4)

multiple restrictions on same product, exclusion (BOPU 3)

transparency and (BOPU 4)

as constituent part of GATT 1994 (GATT 1994, 1(c)(iii))

consultation procedures: see balance of payments restrictions, consultations (BOPU 13/GATT XII:4/GATT XVIII:12/GATS XXII:5)

consultation procedures (BOPU 8)

Basic Paper and (BOPU 11)

Secretariat background paper and (BOPU 12)

consultation procedures (BOPU 8 and TPRM E)

DSU, applicability

“essential products” (GATT XII:3 and XVIII:10 and BOPU 4)

notification obligation (BOPU 9)

format and required information

frequency

General Council, role (BOPU 9)

introduction of or changes to measures

modification of time-schedule for removal

review of notification (BOPU 10): see Balance of Payments Restrictions Committee (WTO IV:7), functions, review of balance of payments restrictions (BOPU 10)

price-based measures (BOPU 2)

review of measures under GATT XII:4(b) or XVIII:12(b)

at request of Member (BOPU 10)

periodic review (BOPU 7)

scope of review (BOPU 10)

timing (Ad Article)

rights and obligations under GATT XII and XVIII:B, effect on (footnote 1)

time-schedule for elimination of restrictions (BOPU 1)

adherence to as compliance with GATT obligations (BOPU 13)

modification

notification obligation (BOPU 9)

public announcement, need for

balance of rights and obligations as objective

DSU 3.3

GATS Preamble/GATS XIX:1

TRIPS 7

benefit: see subsidy, definition (SCM 1), conferral of benefit (SCM 1.1(b))

Berne Convention (1971): see copyright protection (Berne Convention (1971) and TRIPS 9)

BFA Committee: see Committee on Budget, Finance and Administration (BFA) (WTO IV:7)

border measures/suspension of release by customs authorities (TRIPS): see also market access (AG 4), measures required to be converted into ordinary customs duties (AG 4.2 and footnote 1); national treatment on internal taxation and regulation, general principle (GATT III:1), applicability, measures imposed at the time or point of importation (“internal measures”) (GATT Ad Article III)

applicability (TRIPS 51)

counterfeit trademark or pirated copyright goods

“counterfeit trademark goods” (footnote 14(a))

“pirated copyright goods” (footnote 14(b))

goods involving infringements other than counterfeit trademarks or pirated copyright

goods put on market by or with consent of right holder (footnote 13)

goods in transit (footnote 13)

infringing goods destined for export

compensation for injury caused by wrongful detention (TRIPS 56)

customs unions and (footnote 12)

de minimis imports (TRIPS 60)

disposal or destruction (TRIPS 59)

duration (TRIPS 55)

provisional measures (TRIPS 50.6) and

establishment of procedures (TRIPS 51)

ex officio action (TRIPS 58)

appeal against (TRIPS 58(b))

exemption of public authorities and officials (TRIPS 58(c))

information, right to

ex officio action and (TRIPS 58(c))

following determination (TRIPS 57)

inspection, right of (TRIPS 57)

confidential information and

importer

right holder

notification obligations

notice of acceptance of application/determination (TRIPS 52)

notice of suspension (TRIPS 54)

notification of suspension ex officio (TRIPS 58(b))

re-exportation of counterfeit trademark goods (TRIPS 59)

requirements (TRIPS 52)

description of goods adequate for recognition

notification of acceptance of application/determination

prima facie evidence of infringement (TRIPS 52)

review, right to (TRIPS 55)

security or equivalent assurance to protect defendant/prevent abuse (TRIPS 53.1)

release of goods and

remedies, effect on availability of (TRIPS 53.2)

suspension by decision of non-judicial/independent body (TRIPS 53.2)

unreasonable use of

border measures/suspension of release by customs authorities (TRIPS). ex officio action (TRIPS 58), information, right to (TRIPS 58(a))

budget and contributions (WTO VII): see also Committee on Budget, Finance and Administration (BFA) (WTO IV:7)

annual budget estimate (WTO VII:1)

adoption by General Council (WTO VII:3)

approval by General Council (WTO VII:1)

arrears, measures in respect of (WTO VII:2(b))

BFA recommendations (WTO VII:1).

contributions, obligation to pay promptly (WTO VII:4).

financial regulations (WTO VII:2-4)

adoption by General Council (WTO VII:3)

GATT 1947 regulations and practices as basis (WTO VII:2)

organizational and financial consequences of establishment of WTO, Ministerial Decision

burden of proof

fair comparison of export price and normal value (AD 2.4/GATT VI:1)

nullification or impairment (DSU 3.8)

patented process (TRIPS 34)

reversal in respect of circumvention of export subsidy commitments (AG 10.3)

SCM provisions

countervailing measures (SCM 21.2)

“serious prejudice” (SCM 27.8)

SPS measures

equivalence (SPS 4.1)

pest— or disease free areas (SPS 6.3)

TBT regulation, as obstacle to trade (TBT 2.5)

business confidential information: see confidential business information (PSI 2.9-13); confidential business information (SCM 8.3, footnote 34); confidential/undisclosed information, protection (TRIPS), protection against unfair competition and (TRIPS 39)

business practices (GATS IX)

consultation for elimination of restrictive practices (GATS IX:2)

information, obligation to provide (GATS IX:2) and

confidential information

domestic law and

publicly available non-confidential information

as restraint of competition (GATS IX:1)

 


Abbreviations used on this page