fair and equitable procedures: see
rights, enforcement procedures (TRIPS), fair and equitable procedures
fair and market-oriented systems
Marrakesh Declaration (MD
false representation/literal truth (geographical indications) (TRIPS
fees and formalities connected with importation and exportation
laws and regulations, obligation to review
operation on request (GATT VIII:2)
“limited … to the approximate cost of
services rendered” (GATT
minimization in incidence and complexity of
formalities, need for (GATT VIII:1(c))
certificates of origin and (GATT Ad Article VIII
multiple exchange rates and (GATT Ad Article
penalties, exclusion of substantial (GATT
minor breaches of regulations or procedural
omission or mistake
reduction in number and diversity of fees and
charges, need for (GATT VIII:1(b))
film: see cinematograph film, screen quotas (GATT
cinematographic works, copyright protection (TRIPS 11)
acceptance, eligibility (FA
acceptance and implementation (FA
deposit (FA 6)
integral parts (FA 1)
obligations under (FA 2)
participants not party to GATT 1947 (FA
transition from GATT to WTO and (MD
financial regulations: see budget and contributions (WTO
VII), financial regulations (WTO
financial services (GATS
applicability and definitions (para.
1(a)): see also Financial Services, Understanding on Commitments in
“banking and other financial services”
(excluding insurance) (para. 5(a)(v-xvi))
“commercial presence” (Understanding)
“financial service” (para.
“financial service supplier” (para.
“new financial service”
“non-resident supplier” (Understanding)
“public entity” (para.
dispute settlement, expertise (para.
domestic regulation, measures for prudential
reasons (para. 2(a))
commitments or obligations under GATS and (para.
confidential or proprietary information and (para.
recognition of prudential measures (para.
by agreement or arrangement (para.
demonstration of equivalent regulation, oversight
and implementation, obligation to offer opportunity (para.
notification of negotiations on new agreement or
arrangement (GATS VII:4(b)), applicability (para.
“through harmonization or otherwise” (para.
accession to/negotiation of comparable one (para.
financial services (GATS Annex
Article II exemptions (para.
modifications of Schedules (GATT
XXI) and (para. 2)
procedures for application of paras. 1 and 2 (para.
Financial Services, Understanding on Commitments in
as alternative to GATS Part III provisions
information, transfer and processing
obligation not to prevent
protection of personal data
membership of and access to regulatory bodies
new financial services
non-resident supplier, definition
public entities, right to MFN and national
temporary entry of personnel
Food Aid Convention (1986), guidelines in accordance with
food aid (domestic), exemption from domestic support
commitments (AG Annex 2, para.
food aid (international): see also
Net Food-Importing Countries, Decision on Measures concerning the
Possible Negative Effects of the Reform Programme
direct or indirect tying to commercial exports,
exclusion (AG 10.4(a))
FAO “Principles of Surplus Disposal and
Consultative Obligations”, applicability (AG
Food Aid Convention (1986), as benchmark (AG
food security considerations
domestic support commitments, exemption (AG Annex
2, para. 3)
export prohibitions and restrictions (AG
definition (PSI 2.15 and
preshipment inspections, delays to and (PSI
foreign vessel, use, sale or lease in national waters or EEZ, exemption
from GATT, Part II (GATT 1994, 3)
notification obligations (GATT 1994,
reciprocal action (GATT 1994,
review (GATT 1994,
scope of provision (GATT 1994,
sectoral agreements and (GATT 1994,
free trade areas: see regional trade agreements (GATT
freedom of transit (GATT
air transit of goods, applicability to (GATT
aircraft in transit, exclusion (GATT
customs duties, exemption from (GATT
MFN treatment (GATT
reasonable charges and regulations, need for (GATT
“traffic in transit” (GATT
transit duties or charges, exemption from (GATT
GATT Ad Article III:5 and
other than administrative expenses or costs of
transit through third country (GATT
unnecessary delays or restrictions, obligation not
to impose (GATT V:3)
via routes most convenient for international
transit (GATT V:2)
frontier traffic, applicability of GATT (GATT