Party vs Affected States From: 01/01/01 to 30/06/01
The United States initiated 39 investigations during the first
semester of 2001, as compared with 9 investigation initiated during
the first semester of 2000. Canada initiated 23 investigations during
the same period. For both Members, the first semester 2001 data
suggest an unusually high level of activity.
was next in terms of the number of investigations initiated, with 16,
while the European Communities initiated 13 investigations. These
figures represent a decline from the number of investigations
initiated by these Members during the first semester of 2000.
with 22 investigations on its exports, is at the top of the list of
countries subject to anti-dumping investigations, followed by Korea
(10 investigations), Chinese Taipei (9 investigations) and India (8
investigations). Ten of the investigations against Chinese exports
were initiated by the US and India (5 each).
majority (65) of investigations initiated during the first semester of
2001 involved products classified in the base metals sector of the
Harmonized System of Tariff Classification, which includes iron, steel
and aluminium products. The other two sectors most affected were
plastics and textiles, with, respectively, 17 and 10 investigations
initiated. Both the European Communities and Canada initiated all but
one investigation during the period on products in the base metals
sector. For the United States, investigations on products in the base
metals sector represented more than half the number of initiations
during the period.
WTO Members imposed a total of 85 final anti-dumping measures against
exports from 35 countries or customs territories during the first
semester of 2001. This total represents a decline from the 127
measures imposed during the corresponding period of 2000. India
imposed the most final measures during the period, 18. This represents
a significant decline from the 33 final measures imposed by India
during the corresponding period of 2000. The United States and Brazil
follow India in the number of final measures imposed during the
period, with 12 measures each.
from Korea were the subject of the largest number of final measures
imposed, 10, during the first semester of 2001, closely followed by
exports from China (9 measures). For both countries this was a
decrease from the number of measures imposed against their exports
during the first semester of 2000, when their exports were subject to
13 measures each.
was the case for initiations, the sector most affected by final
measures was base metals, with 31 final measures imposed on that
products in that sector. This was followed by chemicals, with 27
measures imposed, and textiles with 8 measures. All 12 of the final
measures imposed by the United States during the first semester were
in the base metals sector, while the majority of the measures imposed
by India were in the chemicals sector.
anti-dumping semi-annual reports by Members for the relevant period
can be found under document series G/ADP/N/78/.
WTO Anti-Dumping Agreement allows governments to act against dumped
imports where there is material injury to the competing domestic
industry. In order to do that the importing government has to
determine, after investigating, that dumping is taking place,
calculate the extent of dumping (how much lower the export price is
compared to the exporter’s home market price or “normal value”),
and determine that the dumping is causing injury.
Article VI allows countries to take action against dumping. The
Anti-Dumping Agreement clarifies and expands Article VI, adding
detailed procedural and substantive requirements, and the two operate
together. They allow countries to act in a way that would normally
break the GATT principles of binding a tariff and not discriminating
between trading partners — typically an affirmative finding in an
anti-dumping case results in an additional import duty on the
particular dumped product from the particular exporting country in
order to bring its price closer to the “normal value” or to remove
the injury to domestic industry in the importing country.
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