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WTO ANALYTICAL INDEX: INDEX

Index

The following index covers the body text of this book but not the text of the WTO Agreements. Disputes have been indexed under the name of the WTO Member respondent in the dispute and under the subject matter.

Index:  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Z

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G

GATS Agreement see also Accountancy Sector, Disciplines on Domestic Regulation (1998); balance of payments, safeguard restrictions (GATS XII); business practices (GATS IX); developing countries (GATS IV); disclosure of confidential information (GATS IIIbis); dispute settlement and enforcement (GATS XXIII); domestic regulation (GATS VI); e-commerce (in chronological order of developments); economic integration (GATS V); emergency safeguard measures (GATS X); financial services (GATS); General Exceptions (GATS XIV) (general); General Exceptions (GATS XIV(a)), measures necessary to protect public morals or maintain public order; market access (GATS XVI); MFN treatment (GATS II); monopolies and exclusive service providers (GATS VIII); national treatment, services and service suppliers (GATS XVII); progressive liberalization (GATS XIX); progressive liberalization (GATS XIX), decisions and agreements relating to; progressive liberalization negotiations (GATS XIX:3 and Doha 15); recognition of qualifications (GATS VII); Schedules of Specific Commitments (GATS XX); telecommunications (GATS); telecommunications, GATS Annex on Basic Telecommunications; telecommunications, GATS XVIII Reference Paper on Basic Telecommunications; “trade in services” (GATS 1:2); transparency (GATS preamble/III); Working Party on GATS Rules

commercial presence (GATS 1:2(c)) GATS 22, 148

“commercial presence” (GATS XXVIII(d)) GATS 227

disclosure of confidential information (GATS IIIbis) GATS 48

Electronic Commerce Work Programme (Doha 34) and GATS 44

GATT 1994 overlap GATT 419, 4278, TRIMs 8 n. 12, GATS 249

Institutional Arrangements, Marrakesh Ministerial Decision GATS 220

object and purpose (preamble)

balance of rights and obligations GATS 3

progressive liberalization, technological developments and GATS 35

security and predictability GATS 12

transparency GATS 12

“sector” (GATS XXVIII(e)) GATS 2289

“supply of a servies” (GATS XXVIII(b)) GATS 2256

 

GATT 1947/WTO continuity

allocation of functions (GATT 1994 2(b)) GATT 1415

Assets, Liabilities, Records, Staff and Functions from GATT to the WTO, Agreement on (1994) WTO 195, 267

authentic texts (GATT 1994 2(b)), difficulties in preparation GATT 1618

decisions, procedures and customary practices under GATT 1947 (WTO XVI:1)/provisions of legal instruments in force under GATT 1947 (GATT 1994 1(b)) (GATT acquis)

1.273–83, 2.407: see also under GATT practice under individual headings

accession process (Secretariat Technical Note) WTO 274

decision-making by consensus (GATT IX:1) and WTO 273

dispute settlement, commitment to adhere to (DSU 3.1) DSU 40, 278

joint decisions, limitation to WTO 276

as means of ensuring continuity WTO 275

WTO XVI:1 and GATT 1994 1(b) distinguished WTO 282

“decisions” (WTO XVI:1/GATT 1(b)(iv)), classification as

see also legal status of panel reports bilateral agreements WTO 276

Enabling Clause (EC) GATT 12

GATT 1947 Council decisions WTO 278

GATT Council Understanding on tax legislation (1981) SCM 99100

panel reports GATT 169

panel reports (adopted) WTO 275, 279, GATT 9, 169 n. 240, 608 n. 868, SCM 100, DSU 8201

panel reports (unadopted) WTO 279, GATT 608 n. 868, SCM 99100, DSU 1148 n. 1802

panel reports (unappealed) WTO 281, GATT 1041, DSU 822, 892

SCM Code WTO 277

GATT 1994 as distinct agreement (WTO II:4) WTO 27

“legal instruments” (GATT 1994 1(b)) SCM 99100

accession protocols (GATT 1994 1(b)(ii)) GATT 3, 6

decisions on GATT 1947 waivers WTO 2068, GATT 78

Understanding in Respect of Waivers of Obligations WTO 207, GATT 8

as integral part of WTO Agreement WTO 20, GATT 113

“protocols and certifications relating to tariff concessions” (GATT 1994 1(b)(i) and 1(d)) GATT 45

procedural and institutional duplication, avoidance WTO 261

transitional arrangements WTO 2613

GATT practice WTO 263

Preparatory Committee decisions concerning WTO 261

withdrawal or termination of agreements associated with GATT 1947 WTO 262

WTO preamble WTO 3

GATT

acceptance, entry into force and registration (GATT XXVI), GATT practice GATT 1069

accession (GATT XXXIII), GATT practice GATT 1092

amendments (GATT XXX), GATT practice GATT 1089

annexes as integral part of agreement (GATT XXXIV) GATT 1093

authentic texts (GATT XXVI:3)

GATT 1994 2(b) GATT 1618

GATT practice GATT 1067

commitments (GATT XXXVII), GATT practice GATT 1112

contracting parties (GATT XXXII), GATT practice GATT 1091

“date of this agreement” (GATT XXVI:1) GATT 10636

GATT II:1(b), II:1(c) and II:6(a) (Marrakesh Protocol) and GATT 1537

GATT V and GATT 444

GATT practice GATT 1066

GATT practice GATT 106970

provisional application GATT 1070

non-applicability (GATT XXXV), GATT practice WTO 259, GATT 1094

object and purpose (GATT I:1)

expansion of trade in goods and services GATT 21

non-discrimination GATT 246, 50

raising standards of living GATT 20

principles and objectives (GATT XXXVI), GATT practice GATT 1110

responsibility of Member for compliance by regional and local governments and authorities (GATT XXIV:12), see also RTAs (GATT XXIV:5)

withdrawal (GATT XXXI), GATT practice GATT 1090

 

GATT exceptions, applicability (TRIMs 3) TRIMs 201

 

GATT Subsidies Code, limited nature of provisions SCM 702

 

General Council (WTO IV:2)

as DSB: see DSB

functions

budget WTO 71

cooperation agreements with intergovernmental organizations WTO 71

cooperation agreements with non-governmental organizations WTO 71

financial regulations WTO 71

guidance of councils established under WTO IV:5 WTO 91

requests for extension of transition periods (TRIMs 5.3) and TRIMs 325

interpretation of WTO Agreement WTO 197202

staff regulations WTO 71

guidelines for the appointment of officers to WTO bodies (1995/2002) WTO 73

as highest-level decision-making body WTO 70

membership WTO 70

Ministerial Conference, authority to act of behalf of WTO 70

observer status (applicants for accession) SG 300

observer status (intergovernmental organizations)

ad hoc status WTO 163

Observer Status for International Intergovernmental Organizations in the WTO Guidelines WTO 164

permanent status WTO 1634

observer status (NGOs) WTO 167

reporting procedures

action by General Council and sectoral councils WTO 75

Ministerial Conference overview WTO 75

Plurilateral Trade Agreements Committees WTO 75

sectoral councils and subsidiary bodies WTO 75

rules of procedure

adoption WTO 72

amendment WTO 72

 

General Exceptions (GATS XIV) (general)

arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination, exclusion (GATS XIV chapeau) GATS 78

determination by reference to context GATS 80

Decision on Trade in Services and the Environment GATS 77

electronic commerce and GATS 76

GATT XX jurisprudence, relevance GATS 74

order of analysis/freedom to choose issues to address GATS 79

two-step analysis (justification under paras. (a)–(d)/compliance with chapeau) GATS 75

 

General Exceptions (GATS XIV(a)), measures necessary to protect public morals or maintain public order

“a genuine and sufficiently serious threat … to one of the fundamental interests of society” (GATS XIV footnote 5) GATS 82, 845

balance between restrictive effect on international trade and “necessity” GATS 88

either/or nature of requirement GATS 81

Member’s right to determine level of desired protection GATS 834

“necessary” GATS 81, 8690

burden of proof GATS 912

public morals exception (GATT XX(a)) compared GATS 74, 83

“reasonably available” alternative WTO-consistent measure GATT 92832

 

General Exceptions (GATT XX) (general)

applicability to GATT as a whole (chapeau) GATT 844, 860

burden of proof GATT 8524, 888, 912

chapeau and paras. a-j distinguished GATT 8523

SPS distinguished GATT 854

“countries” GATT 860 n. 1180

evaluation of scientific evidence GATT 9003

divergence of expert views GATT 901

SPS 2.2 requirements distinguished GATT 854

obligation to comply with domestic legislation, relevance GATT 8457

limited and conditional nature of exceptions GATT 856

protocols of accession and GATT 9515

two-step analysis (justification under paras. (a)-(j)/compliance with chapeau) GATT 848, 856

 

General Exceptions (GATT XX), preamble/chapeau

applicability of GATT XX to GATT as a whole GATT 844, 860

arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination, GATT XX measure as: see arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination GATT XX measure as (GATT XX chapeau)

GATT practice GATT 878

good faith (including pacta sunt servanda principle (VCLT 26)) and GATT 857, DSU 1501

preparatory work (VCLT 32) GATT 856

purpose

balance between competing rights GATT 846, 8567

prevention of abuses of exceptions GATT 8556

 

General Exceptions (GATT XX(a)), measures necessary to protect public morals

accession protocol (China), applicability GATT 9515

balance between restrictive effect on international trade and “necessity” GATT 8867

“necessary”

analysis as multi-step process GATT 8824

burden of proof GATT 881

“public morals” GATT 87981

 

General Exceptions (GATT XX(b)), measures necessary to protect human, animal or plant life or health

see also SPS Agreement

balance between restrictive effect on international trade and “necessity” GATT 909

burden of proof GATT 853, 888

GATT III:4 (regulatory discrimination) and GATT 385

GATT practice GATT 911

justification

compliance with GATT XX chapeau, need for GATT 910

evidence of health risks, relevance GATT 385

objective criteria, need for GATT 869

policy objective GATT 8923

“necessary” GATT 894910

for achievement of legitimate objective GATT 8959

Member’s right to determine level of desired protection GATT 903

necessity of policy goal vs necessity of measure to achieve it GATT 894

scientific data/risk assessment and GATT 9003

“preponderant” evidence GATT 901

“reasonably available” alternative WTO-consistent measure GATT 9046

complimentary measures distinguished GATT 908

“reasonably available” GATT 928

SPS provisions distinguished SPS 5

three-tier test GATT 88891

constituent elements GATT 888

 

General Exceptions (GATT XX(d)), measures necessary to secure compliance with GATT-consistent measure, constituent elements

balance between restrictive effect on international trade and “necessity” GATT 22

burden of proof GATT 912

GATT practice GATT 933

intention to secure compliance with GATT GATT 912

“laws or regulations” GATT 9226

international rules, exclusion GATT 9223

“necessary” to secure compliance

balancing of factors GATT 91420

burden of proof GATT 912

GATT III:4 (regulatory discrimination) and GATT 386, 912

“relating to” (GATT XX(g)) distinguished GATT 914 n. 1286

“reasonably available” alternative WTO-consistent measure GATT 91417, 92832

balancing of factors GATT 9301

“to secure compliance” GATT 927

 

General Exceptions (GATT XX(g)), measures relating to the conservation of exhaustible natural resources

“exhaustible natural resources”

as evolutionary concept/intertemporal law WTO 2, GATT 935, GATS 5 n. 7, DSU 1596, 1618

GATT practice GATT 936

GATT XI:2(a) distinguished GATT 635

living natural resources, whether WTO 2, GATT 935

sustainable development as objective WTO 2, 3

“full use of the resources of the world” distinguished WTO 3

WTO Preamble as aid to interpretation WTO 2, 3

GATT III:4 (regulatory discrimination) and GATT 384, 8624

jurisdictional limitation, whether GATT 934

“made effective in conjunction with”, as balance between conservation and domestic production/consumption GATT 9448

GATT practice GATT 948

“relating to” GATT 851, 894, 914, 93743, 939

GATT practice GATT 943

“necessary” (GATT XX(d)) distinguished GATT 914 n. 1286, 939

“primarily aimed at” distinguished GATT 894, 921, 93842

 

Geneva Ministerial Conference (Seventh)/closing summary (2009)

Doha Round/Work Programme, guidance WTO 60

E-Commerce Work Programme WTO 37, 60

Non-violation and Situation Complaints, Decision on WTO 60

WTO contribution to recovery, growth and development WTO 60

 

Geneva Ministerial Conference (eighth) (2011) WTO 61

 

Geneva Ministerial Conference/Declaration (1998) WTO 54, 67

DSB: see DSB; Special Session for the negotiation of improvements to and clarifications of the DSU

“forum for negotiations” (WTO III:2), recommendations relating to WTO 32

Global E-Commerce Declaration (Geneva 20 May 1998) WTO 32, 54, 67

TPRM: see Trade Policy Review Mechanism (TPRM)

 

geographical indications (TRIPS Part II Section 3) (GIs)

see also trademarks (Paris Convention (PC)); wines and spirits additional protection for GIs (TRIPS 23)

burden/standard of proof TRIPS 154

generic terms, exclusion TRIPS 152

conflicts with later trademarks (TRIPS 22.3/23.2) TRIPS 158

“date of entry into force of the WTO Agreement” (TRIPS 24(3)) TRIPS 173

“geographical indications” (TRIPS 22.1) TRIPS 1512

“in implementing this section” (TRIPS 24.3) TRIPS 171

“in respect of” (TRIPS 22.1) TRIPS 150

“interested parties” (TRIPS 22.2) TRIPS 4, 1556

national treatment (TRIPS 1.3) and TRIPS 4, 155

international negotiations: exceptions (TRIPS 24), Checklist of Questions TRIPS 170

“legal means” (TRIPS 22.2), freedom to choose method of implementation (TRIPS 1.1 and) TRIPS 910

“Members” (TRIPS 22.2) TRIPS 1534

protected rights (TRIPS 16), potential for conflict TRIPS 159

“protection of GIs that existed in that Member” (TRIPS 24.3) TRIPS 172

registration of trademark (eligibility/validity)/right to use (TRIPS 24.5)

as exception to GI protection TRIPS 174

“in this section” TRIPS 175

relationship TRIPS 174

right to object to registration of GI TRIPS 157

 

Germany — Sardines (GATT Panel), BISD 1S/53

non-violation claims (GATT XXIII:1(b))

nullification or impairment,

need for causality GATT 986

competitive relationship as key factor GATT 986

 

Global Trust Fund (Doha Development Agenda) WTO 188

 

good faith engagement in dispute settlement procedures (DSU 3.10)

burden of proof and DSU 1276

complaints and counter-complaints as separate issues DSU 1345

confidentiality and DSU 127

consultations and (DSU 4.3) DSU 105, 128, 132, 1545

continuity of obligation throughout dispute settlement process DSU 1302

correction of factual errors and DSU 1245

development of arguments at earliest possible stage DSU 11823

due process obligations and DSU 122, 345

establishment of new panel during preparation of preliminary rulings DSU 129

estoppel and DSU 11012, 17057

implementation of DSB recommendation and rulings and DSU 105, 1276

interim review (DSU 15) and DSU 799

as limitation on right to bring action under DSU DSU 1069

objective assessment obligation (DSU 11) SCM 696

presumption of DSU 1035, 833

prompt challenge to deficient procedures SCM 196, DSU 11314, 126

prompt presentation of clear claim DSU 123

prompt request for clarification of information DSU 11920, 120, 306

prompt settlement of disputes (DSU 3) and DSU 115, 123

provision of information on request (DXU 13.1) and DSU 11617

tactics and manoeuvres to avoid, exclusion DSU 11315

 

good faith (including pacta sunt servanda principle (VCLT 26))

abuse of rights/abus de droit and GATT 857, TRIPS 77, DSU 1501

balance of rights and obligations as objective (TRIPS 7) TRIPS 77

burden of proof/presumption of GATT 570 n. 805, DSU 387, 393, 1502, 1506, 1507

definition DSU 1501

evidence submitted by government SCM 250

“facts available”, right of resort to (AD 6.8/Annex II) and AD 559, 574

as fundamental rule of treaty interpretation/performance GATT 98991, DSU 113, 1501, 150115, 1597, GPA 313

GATT XX and GATT 857, DSU 1501

as general principle of international law GATT 857, AD 575, SCM 196, DSU 387, 1594, 1597

as general principle of law GATT 857, AD 575, SCM 196, DSU 1594

seriousness of claim/need for diligence in presentation DSU 279

“shall be explored” (AD 15) AD 859

 

good faith interpretation of treaty (VCLT 31(1)) DSU 15428

avoidance of legislation threatening prohibited conduct DSU 1544

as fundamental principle of GATT 98991, DSU 113, 1501, 150115, 1545, GPA 313, 32

legitimate expectations, relevance DSU 1542

ordinary meaning of the text and DSU 1543

presumption of good faith and DSU 1546

 

good offices, conciliation and mediation (DSU 5)

compulsory adjudication distinguished DSU 178

encouragement to use (WTO Director-General’s communication of 13 July 2001) DSU 179

mediation, request for in absence of dispute DSU 1801

 

government assistance to economic development (GATT XVIII)

balance of payments (GATT XII) and GATT 653, 754

BOP restrictions (GATT XII) distinguished GATT 754 n. 1029

dispute settlement (GATT XXIII), applicability to GATT 7557

 

government entity: see Government Procurement Agreement (GPA), definitions State responsibility as rule/general principle of international law (ILC Articles); responsibility for act or omission of

 

Government Procurement Agreement

Schedules of Concessions (GPA)

as integral part of GPA (GPA XXIV:12) GPA 54

interpretation and clarification, VCLT as applicable law GPA 54

special or additional rules and procedures (GPA XXII:2) GPA 28

 

Government Procurement Agreement (GPA)

see also Government Procurement Committee

acceptance and entry into force (GPA XXIV:1) WTO 268

accession (GPA XXIV:2) WTO 2556, GPA 378

amendments (GPA XXIV:9) WTO 219, 221

annual review (GPA XXIV:7(a)) GPA 48

consultations and dispute settlement (GPA XXII), non-violation claims (GPA XXII:2): GPA 2936

definitions

“central government entities” (GPA: Appendix 1) GPA 613

“government procurement” (GPA I:1) GPA 5

“participate” (GPA VIII(c)) GPA 22

“purchases of services” (GPA I:1) GPA 4

elimination of discrimatory measures and practices (GPA XXIV:7 (c)) GPA 53

elimination of discriminatory measures and practices (GAP XXIV:7 (c)) GPA 53

entities not included in Appendix 1 (GPA I:3) GPA 17

error as to fact or situation, effect on validity of treaty (VCLT 48(1)) GPA 32, 346

“further negotiations with a view to improving the Agreement” (GPA XXIV:7(b)) GPA 4952

provisionally agreed revised Agreement (2010) GPA 502

good faith (including pacta sunt servanda principle (VCLT 26)) and GATT 98991, GPA 313

notifications by parties (GPA XXIV:5) GPA 16, 1819, 25, 401

rectifications and modifications (GPA XXIV:6) GPA 427

“control” (GPA XXIV:6(b)) GPA 47

extension to new EU Members GPA 43, 46

Israel’s offset regime GPA 445

procedure GPA 42

reporting obligations (GPA XXIV:7) GPA 48

reservations (GPA XXIV:4) WTO 297, 300

rules of origin (GPA IV), statistical reporting (GPA XIX:5) and GPA 23

scope GPA 3

service contracts, expansion to cover (preamble) GPA 12

exclusion of purchases of services from SCM GPA 2

special and differential treatment for developing countries (GPA V) GPA 20

Tokyo Round Agreement on Government Procurement and (GPA XXIV:3) GPA 39

transitional arrangements (GPA XXIV:3) GPA 39

updating appendices and circulation (GPA I:1) GPA 1415

withdrawal of entity following elimination of government control/privatization GPA 47

 

government procurement (AIR 4), Air Committee discussion of AIR 21

 

Government Procurement Committee

see also Government Procurement Agreement (GPA)

adoption of product classification system (GPA XIX:5) GPA 24

adoption of services classification system (GPA XIX:5) GPA 24

Circulation and Derestriction of Documents of Government Procurement Committee, Decision GPA 27

observer status (GPA XXI:1) GPA 26

reports WTO 158

 

government procurement (GATS XIII)

“subsidy” (SCM 1) distinguished SCM 27, GATS 72

Working Party on GATS Rules and GATS 73, 214

 

government procurement, transparency (Doha 26), Working Group on Transparency in Government Procurement (Doha), establishment (Singapore Ministerial Conference) WTO 53, 66

 

government purchases of R&D equipment, exclusion from SCM Agreement SCM 343

 

“green box” support: see due restraint (AG 13) (“peace clause”)

 

Guatemala — Cement I (AB), WT/DS60/AB/R/, DSR 1998:IX

AB procedures (DSU 17.9 and ABWP)

“appropriate procedure for the purpose of that appeal only” (ABWP 16(1)) DSU 1387

timetable (ABWP 26), modification in exceptional circumstances (ABWP 16(2)) DSU 1387

consultation and dispute settlement (AD 17)

GATT XXII and XXIII compared AD 888, 944

“matter”, referral to DSB (AD 17.4)

identification of measure at issue requirement (DSU 6.2), identification as anti-dumping duty, acceptance of price undertaking or provisional measure, need for AD 890, 891

“if final action has been taken” AD 88990

“matter” AD 898, 951, DSU 370

request for establishment of panel, requirements (AD 17.5), DSU 6.2 and AD 948, DSU 356

special or additional rules and procedures (DSU 1.2 and Appendix 2), whether AD 8702, 888, SCM 197, DSU 13

DSU, applicability, covered agreements (DSU 1.1/DSU 7.2), AD Agreement DSU 2

identification of specific measures (DSU 6.2), recommendations of panel/DSB (DSU 19.2), effect AD 955

implementation of panel or AB recommendations (DSU 19.1), identification of specific measures (DSU 6.2), (DSU 6.2) and AD 955

investigation of dumping (AD 5)/subsidy (SCM 11), sufficiency of evidence (AD 5.3), elements (AD 2) and AD 364 n. 489

language, parties’ submissions DSU 1387

legal basis of claim / “claim” / “matter referred” (DSU 6.2/7.1), identification of specific measure distinguished AD 898, 951, DSU 198, 370

lex specialis/presumption against treaty conflicts, precedence/ hierarchy in case of conflict AD 8702

ordinary meaning of terms used in covered agreements, “matter” (AD 17) AD 898

relationships within and between agreements

AD 17/DSU 19.1 AD 955

AD 17/GATT XXII and XXIII AD 888, 9445

AD 17.4/DSU 6.2 and 7 AD 898, 951, DSU 370

AD 17.5/DSU 6.2 AD 948, DSU 356

request for establishment of panel, requirements (DSU 6.2)

AD 17.5 requirements and AD 948

distinct elements reviewed AD 898, DSU 198, 370

writing AD 898

special or additional rules and procedures (DSU 1.2 and Appendix 2)

arrangements considered for classification as, AD 17 AD 8702, 888, DSU 13

“shall prevail” in case of a difference with DSU SCM 197, DSU 9, 22 n. 25, 356

terms of reference of panels (DSU 7)

“matter” (DSU 7.1/AD 17.4) AD 898, DSU 370, 429

“matter referred to the DSB” (DSU 7.1), “claim” DSU 304

third party participants (AB proceedings) (ABWP 24/ABWP 27), time–limits for filing of submissions (ABWP 26) DSU 1387

 

Guatemala — Cement I (Panel), WT/DS60/R/, DSR 1998:IX

affirmative obligations

definition GPA 21

GPA tendering procedures (GPA VII) as GPA 21

consultation and dispute settlement (AD 17), special or additional rules and procedures (DSU 1.2 and Appendix 2), whether AD 954

evidence (dumping investigation) (AD 6), timely disclosure to interested parties of information relevant for presentation of case (AD 6.4), analysis of constituent elements AD 480

implementation of panel or AB recommendations (DSU 19.1)

measure not identified in request for establishment of panel, applicability to AD 954

panel’s discretionary suggestions DSU 955

investigation of dumping (AD 5)/subsidy (SCM 11)

notification to government of exporting Member (AD 5.5)

“before proceeding to initiate”, date of initiation AD 385

failure to comply, harmless error and AD 393 n. 532

sufficiency of evidence (AD 5.2)

determination of sufficiency (AD 5.3), “examine” AD 371

evidence of dumping AD 342

evidence of injury, AD 2 and AD 343

sufficiency of evidence (AD 5.3), determination of sufficiency standard of review (DSU 17.6) AD 367

legal status of panel reports, reports reversed by AB DSU 824

relationships within and between agreements

AD 5.3/17.6(i) AD 367, 940

AD 5.3/AD 17.6 AD 367, 36770, 940

AD 17/DSU 19.1 AD 954

AD 17.3/DSU 1.2 DSU 13

special or additional rules and procedures (DSU 1.2 and Appendix 2), arrangements considered for classification as, AD 17 AD 954, DSU 13

standard/powers of review (panel) (AD 17.6)

assessment of the facts (AD 17.6(i)), AD 5.3 (sufficiency of evidence), applicability to AD 367, 940

“facts made available” (AD 17.5(ii)), evidence before authority at time of determination, limitation to AD 916

investigating authorities’ establishment of the facts (AD 17.6(i)), “proper” AD 36970

 

Guatemala — Cement II (Panel), WT/DS156/R, DSR 2000:XI

Anti-Dumping Agreement (AD), principles (AD 1), “initiated and conducted in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement”, violation of other AD provisions as evidence of breach of AD 1 AD 9, 986

anti-dumping and countervailing duties (GATT VI) including interrelationship with AD Agreement, dumping, constituent elements (AD 2/GATT VI:1), sufficiency of evidence for initiation of investigation (AD 5) and AD 356, 364 n. 489, 424

burden of proof (general rules)

impossible burden, proving a negative DSU 567

notification of participation of non-governmental experts in on-the-spot verification (AD, Annex 1(2)) AD 530

prima facie case requirement AD 217, 394

compliance with covered agreement obligations, obligation, breach by other Members, relevance AD 386, 509

composition of panel (DSU 8)

determination by Director-General (DSU 8.7) DSU 437, 1494

challenge to DSU 437, 1494

panel’s role DSU 1494

preliminary ruling on DSU 437, 1494

confidential information (AD 6.5)

“by nature confidential” / “provided on a confidential basis”, distinguishability AD 496

“good cause shown” AD 452, 496

“by nature confidential” / “provided on a confidential basis” distinction, relevance AD 496

information “by nature” confidential, applicability to AD 496

as responsibility of party submitting information AD 496

“shown” AD 505

justification for request, relevance AD 518

non-confidential summaries (AD 6.5.1), statement of reasons why information “not susceptible of summary” AD 452, 50910

data collection period (AD 2 and AD 3) AD 222

absence of provision AD 222

length of period for AD 3.2 purposes AD 222

determination of dumping (AD 2)

country by country analysis/cumulative assessment of volume and prices (AD 3.3), “effect of the dumped imports on prices”, objective assessment AD 226

evaluation of injury factors (AD 3.4)

all relevant economic factors and indices, need to examine, eventual relevance of factor, relevance AD 251

consideration of each factor, need to be “apparent” in final determination AD 262

examination of other known factors (AD 3.5), “known” to investigating authority AD 278

SG 4.2 compared AD 251

investigating authorities’ right to request information AD 36

“normal value … in the ordinary course of trade” (AD 2.1)

calculation of dumping margins (AD 2.4)

comparison of weighted average normal value with weighted average of all comparable export transactions (AD 2.4.2)

“comparable” AD 356

objective assessment for purposes of initiation of anti-dumping investigation (AD 5.3) and AD 36970

period of investigation (POI), extension in course of investigation (AD Annex II para. 1) AD 540

“positive evidence” / “objective examination” requirement (AD 3.1)

exclusion of “like” product as breach AD 217, 225

imports from other suppliers, relevance AD 217, 225

threat of material injury (AD 3.7), AD 5.3 and AD 3634

determination of injury (AD 3), significant increase in dumped imports (AD 3.2), effect at regional level, sufficiency AD 227

estoppel

acquiescence distinguished DSU 1703

AD 5.5 violations and AD 391, 456

definition AD 391

evidence (dumping investigation) (AD 6)

access to information provided by another interested party AD 462

access to information provided by another interested party (AD 6.1.1/AD 6.1.2)

access to file distinguished AD 449

confidential information AD 452

AD 6.5 and 459, AD 452

“promptly” AD 44950

accuracy of information, authorities’ obligation to satisfy themselves (AD 6.6), substantive relevance distinguished AD 521

communication of full text of application (AD 6.1.3), “as soon as an investigation has been initiated” AD 453

“facts available”, right to use (AD 6.8/Annex II), failure to cooperate (AD Annex VII para. 7), participation of non-governmental experts in on-the-spot verification as justification AD 529, 582

“notice of the information …” (AD 6.1)

“information” (AD 6.1) and “legal determinations” (AD 6.9) distinguished AD 434, 618

time–limits, relevance (AD 6.1.1.), AD 12 distinguished AD 429

notification to all interested parties of essential facts under consideration (AD 6.9) AD 460

change of legal basis, relevance AD 617, 618

essential facts” AD 61516

essential facts forming basis of preliminary determination, sufficiency for subsequent proceedings AD 617

“information” (AD 6.1) and “legal determinations” (AD 6.9) distinguished AD 434, 618

timely disclosure of relevant information (AD 6.4) distinguished AD 616

on-the-spot verification (AD 6.7)

“further information … to be provided” (Annex I, para. 7)

information verifiable on the spot AD 526

right to verify AD 526, 985

participation of non-governmental experts (Annex I, para. 2)

conflict of interest and AD 529, 984

non-cooperation (AD 6.8), as justification for AD 529, 582

notification of participation, burden of proof AD 530

notification of reasons for AD 531

opportunity for defence of interests (AD 6.2)

change of legal basis, obligation to inform interested parties (AD 12.2) AD 4334, 462, 618

as due process provision AD 461

interrelationship between AD 6.2, first and second sentences AD 461

relationship with other AD 6 paragraphs AD 45769

resort to “facts available” (AD 6.8/Annex II)

in case of verifiable information AD 556

ex post justification, relevance AD 601

extension of period of investigation and (Annex II para. 1) AD 540

time–limits, right to set (AD 6.1.1) AD 428

“ample opportunity” (chapeau) and AD 4289

extension “upon cause shown … whenever practicable”, failure to provide information on AD 431

timely disclosure to interested parties of information relevant for presentation of case (AD 6.4) AD 4803

accidental omission of part of information AD 4823

“harmless error” distinguished AD 483

analysis of constituent elements AD 449

payment of fee, relevance AD 481

harmless error principle AD 390, 3903, 456, 483, 827, DSU 1709

implementation of panel or AB recommendations (DSU 19.1)

panel’s decision not to make suggestions DSU 970

panel’s discretionary suggestions DSU 958

interpretation of covered agreements, rules relating to including VCLT provisions

“any subsequent practice … which establishes the agreement of the parties regarding its interpretation” (VCLT 31(3)(b)), ADP recommendations as evidence of AD 222 n. 309

consistency with article/agreement as a whole AD 530 n. 719

dictionaries AD 530 n. 719

same or closely related phrases in different agreements, AD 3.4/ SG 4.2 AD 251

text/plain language (VCLT 31(2)) AD 431

investigation of dumping (AD 5)/subsidy (SCM 11)

“initiated” (AD footnote 1) AD 384

notification to government of exporting Member (AD 5.5)

“before proceeding to initiate”, date of initiation AD 384

“before proceeding to legislate”, national legislative provisions, relevance AD 385

breach by other party, relevance AD 386

failure to comply

harmless error and AD 3903, 456, 827

timely objection, relevance AD 391

rejection of application (AD 5.8), applicability prior to initiation of investigation AD 3978

simultaneous consideration of evidence of dumping and injury (AD 5.7), initiation of investigation in absence of sufficient evidence (AD 5.3) and AD 376, 394

sufficiency of evidence (AD 5.2)

determination of sufficiency (AD 5.3), “injury”, threat of, AD 3.7 requirements, relevance AD 356

evidence of dumping AD 356

sufficiency of evidence (AD 5.3)

determination of sufficiency

AD 5.2 distinguished AD 3501

determination of sufficiency as satisfaction of AD 5.2

requirements AD 348

“examine” AD 374

“injury”, threat of, AD 3.7 requirements, relevance AD 3634

determination of sufficiency standard of review (DSU 17.6) AD 36970

elements (AD 2) and AD 356, 364 n. 489

evidence of dumping, AD 2 and AD 356

interrelationship with AD 5.2 AD 356

“simple assertion, unsubstantiated by relevant evidence” (AD 5.2) AD 340, 374

judicial economy

limitation of consideration to claims essential to resolution of dispute (DSU 3.2) AD 307, 348, 647

prior decision on another point rendering discussion otiose AD 620

legal status of panel reports, reports reversed by AB DSU 824

nullification or impairment (DSU 3.8)

adverse impact/prejudice, relevance AD 3923, 456, DSU 93

harmless error and AD 390, 827

presumption in case of inconsistency with covered agreement AD 390, DSU 93

order of analysis

AD-consistent measure/compliance with public notice (AD 12.2) requirements AD 838

specific/general provision AD 432

preliminary rulings on

composition of panel (DSU 8.7) DSU 437, 1494

panel composition DSU 1494

provisional measures (AD 7), judicial economy in case of overlap with previous determination relating to definitive measure AD 647

public notice of initiation of investigation (AD 12.1)

non-compliance as “harmless error” AD 827

separate report (AD 12.1.1), need for reference to AD 826

time–limits for making views known (AD 12.1.1(vi)) AD 429

timing

initiation of investigation and AD 8223

satisfaction as to sufficiency of evidence (AD 5.3), relevance AD 823

public notice of preliminary or final determination (AD 12.2)

change of legal basis, obligation to inform interested parties (AD 12.2) AD 4334, 462, 618

compliance with other obligations, dependence on AD 838, 840

relationships within and between agreements

AD 1, 9 and 18/GATT VI/AD 3, 5, 7, 12 and Annex I, para. 2 AD 307, 411, 986

AD 1/AD 6.13 AD 640

AD 1/AD 7 AD 650

AD 1/AD 12 AD 423

AD 2/AD 5 AD 343, 356

AD 3/AD 18 AD 322

AD 3.7/AD 5.2 AD 3634

AD 5/AD 9 AD 418

AD 5/AD 18 AD 423

AD 5/GATT VI AD 424

AD 5.2/AD 5.3 AD 343, 349

AD 5.3/AD 12.1 AD 823

AD 5.3/AD 17.6 AD 36770, 36970

AD 6.1, AD 6.2 and AD 6.9/AD 12.2 AD 433, 462, 618

AD 6.1, AD 6.2/AD 6.9 AD 434, 460

AD 6.1/AD 12.2.1 AD 429

AD 6.2/AD generally AD 467

AD 6.2/other AD 6 paragraphs AD 45769

AD 6.4/AD 6.9 AD 616, 621

AD 6.4/other AD 6 paragraphs AD 4923

AD 6.8/other AD 6 paragraphs AD 457, 45960, 603

AD 6.8/other paragraphs of AD 6 AD 603

AD 6.9/other paragraphs of AD 6 AD 6201

AD 7/GATT VI AD 420

AD 9/other AD articles AD 717

AD 18.1/other Ad Articles AD 977

Rules of Conduct (RoC)

independence and impartiality (RoC I and III:2), panellists DSU 1482

material violations (RoC VIII) DSU 437, 1494

standard/powers of review (panel) (AD 17.6)

assessment of the facts (AD 17.6(i))

AD 5.3 (sufficiency of evidence), applicability to AD 36970

de novo review, exclusion AD 914

“facts made available” (AD 17.5(ii)), limitation to AD 914

 

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Customs Union, notification as RTA GATT 78

 

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