This forum seeks to promote an informed debate on the topic of the World Trade Report 2012. Documents
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have no legal effect on the rights and obligations of WTO members, nor
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the consistency of any policy with the provisions of the WTO agreements.
> World Trade Report 2011
> Discussion forum: World Trade Report 2011
Non-tariff measures (i.e. policy measures, other than tariffs, that can potentially affect trade in goods) and services regulations are less transparent than tariffs. Some of them are in place for legitimate reasons (i.e. to allow countries to pursue legitimate policy goals). Others are mainly used to protect domestic producers. Most non-tariff measures (NTMs) affect the fixed costs for exporters of entering foreign markets, rather than their variable costs of servicing these markets. Addressing obstacles raised by regulations may involve some form of regulatory convergence and may require a multi-layered governance structure. For these reasons, NTMs and services regulations raise particular challenges for international co-operation on trade. Understanding these challenges is crucial to determining what the WTO’s future agenda on such measures should be.
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||Trade, FDI, Growth and Biodiversity: an empirical analysis for the main OECD countries.
by Roberta de Santis — LUISS University, Rome
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Associate Fellow, CISDL — McGill University (Canada)
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by Marc Bacchetta and Cosimo Beverelli, WTO Secretariat
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