While UNCTAD and WTO work principally with governments, ITC works with
the business community. In this context, the ITC clarifies the
business implications of multilateral trade agreements and assists
business in understanding, shaping and benefiting from trade rules. As
a subsidiary agency of UNCTAD and the WTO, the ITC is subject to the
governing bodies of both. ITC is also subject to the internal
oversight procedures of the UN. The Executive Director of ITC is
appointed by the Director-General of WTO and the Secretary-General of
UNCTAD. Both UNCTAD and WTO are represented in the Joint Advisory
Group supervising ITC’s work, and have a number of joint technical
assistance activities with ITC, which include:
Joint Integrated Technical Assistance Programme (JITAP)
through which the three organisations provide Trade Related Technical
Assistance (TRTA) to selected LDCs and other African countries, mainly
focusing on building their capacity to participate in the trading
system. In the provision of TRTA, there is a clear division of labour
between the ITC and UNCTAD and WTO. While ITC focuses on trade
promotion, UNCTAD and WTO focus on trade policy and regulation.
Nonetheless, ITC has developed new competencies in specific
specialised aspects of trade policy and regulation in areas related to
business advocacy and business participation in the trading system. In
joining their respective field of competence, the programme is aimed
at avoiding duplication and enhance complementarities.
Integrated Framework for Least Developed Countries (IF)
Within the IF, the WTO not only cooperates with ITC and UNCTAD, but
also with other main agencies and institutions, namely the
and the World Bank.
WTO participates also to the
Business for Development (B4D) initiatives.
Regional B4D meetings are regularly organized with the support of WTO
Secretariat, UNCTAD and the Geneva-based Missions. This mechanism
intends to enable the private sector in developing countries to define
their national priorities for the WTO negotiations, and to encourage
governments to be more mindful of business concerns.
JITAP, the IF and B4D are specific examples
Aid for Trade — a much wider initiative aimed at helping
developing countries, and the least-developed in particular, to build
the supply side capacity and trade-related infrastructure they need to
benefit more from trade opening and the WTO. Here too the WTO and ITC
are working closely together to advance this initiative. ITC is one of
the key international organizations represented on the
Director-General's Advisory Group on Aid for Trade, where it's private
sector expertise and orientation is particularly relevant to the WTO's
efforts to better mobilize, monitor and evaluate Aid for Trade.
> Selection process for ITC Executive Director