SUBJECT INDEX

D

 

Index:  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X, Y, Z

The texts reproduced here do not have the legal standing of the original documents which are entrusted and kept at the WTO Secretariat in Geneva.

damages: see compensation
 

deadlines: see evidence (panel procedures) (DSU 12.1 and Appendix 3), time-limits for submission
 

decisions of domestic courts, acceptability as evidence B.3.1.13, M.5.8
 

determination: see determination of serious injury or threat thereof (SG 4), requirements; MFN treatment (GATS II), determination of violation, requirements; national treatment, services and service suppliers (GATS XVII), determination of violation, requirements; national treatment, tax discrimination (GATT III:2), determination of violation,requirements
 

determination of dumping (AD 2)

see also dumping/margin of dumping, definition/constituent elements (AD 2.1/GATT VI:1)

in absence of comparable sales (AD 2) A.3.8A.1

calculation of administrative, selling and general costs and profits (AD 2.2.2)

see also cost of production (AG 9.1(c)), measurement

low volume sales, relevance (AD 2.2.2 chapeau) A.3.10

“weighted average” (AD 2.2.2(ii)) A.3.11.1-2

need for more than one exporter or producer A.3.11.1

sales not in the ordinary course of trade (“actual amounts incurred and realized”)A.3.11.2

calculation of margins of dumping (AD 2.4)

actual product under investigation / type or model, distinction A.3.14.1,A.3.14.8-9, A.3.14.24, A.3.14.26, A.3.39.2

AD 2.2 and A.3.8A.1

asymmetrical comparison (AD 2.4.2, second sentence) A.3.14A

calculation of “all other” anti-dumping duty rate (AD 9.4), applicability to A.3.42.1

comparison of weighted average normal value with weighted average of all comparable

export transactions A.3.14.2, A.3.14.7, A.3.14.9, A.3.42.1

“like product” / “comparable” equation A.3.14.3

multiple averaging (AD 2.4.2) A.3.14.6, A.3.14.9-11, A.3.14.14

product types / product as a whole (AD 2.4.2) A.3.14.12-13, A.3.60.5, A.3.65.12, A.3.65.16

method, right to choose, GATT VI:2 and A.3.14.5, A.3.40A.3-6, A.3.65.8

transaction-to-transaction basis (AD 2.4.2) A.3.8A.1, A.3.14.14-32, A.3.28A.5, A.3.60.6

zeroing A.3.14

methodologies (AD 2.4.2), relevance of distinction A.3.14.12-26, A.3.40A.7-8,

A.3.60.6-7, I.3.7.11

negative differences and A.3.14.2, A.3.14.4

calculation of normal value, eligible transactions, requirements (AD 2.1)

affiliated party transactions A.3.5.2

comparability of price A.3.5.1

“like product” A.3.5.1

relationship with other AD provisions A.3.8

sale “destined for consumption in exporting country” A.3.5.1

sale “in ordinary course of trade” A.3.5.1

constituent elements S.2.36.4

intention of dumping, whether (AD 2/GATT VI:1) A.3.1.1, A.3.61.1, M.5.7

“due allowance … for differences which affect price comparability” A.1.13A

fair comparison (AD 2.4) A.3.6, A.3.12

affiliated party transactions A.1.6.1, A.3.12.1

assessment of anti-dumping duty (AD 9.3), applicability to A.3.12.2-3

“at same level of trade” requirement A.1.6.1, A.3.12.1

comparison methodologies (AD 2.4.2), applicability to A.3.12.3-6

imposition and collection of anti-dumping duties (AD 9), margin of dumping (AD 2) as ceiling

(AD 9.3), nature and purpose of proceedings test and A.3.40A.4, A.3.65.14

injurious effect on domestic industry, relevance (AD 2/GATT VI:1) A.3.1.1

methodology, Members’ freedom to choose consistently with AD A.3.51.1

“normal value … in the ordinary course of trade” (AD 2.1) A.3.3

comparing prices, relevant factors A.3.3.3

scrutiny, rules governing A.3.3.4

omission of “comparison”, relevance A.3.9A.1-2

period of investigation (POI)

discretionary selection of data from period within POI A.3.2.1

duration, absence of provision A.3.2.1

sales transaction not “in the ordinary course of trade”

affiliated party transactions A.3.4.1-2

distortion of normal value, Members’ discretion and A.3.4.2

sales above cost and A.3.9.1

“consider all available evidence on the proper allocation of costs” (AD 2.2.1.1)

“all available evidence” A.3.9A.2

“consider” A.3.9A.1-2

exclusion A.3.3.1-2, A.3.3.4-5

“reasonably reflect” the costs of production (AD 2.2.1.1) A.3.9B.1-2

sales below cost, method for determining whether (AD 2.2.1) A.3.4

alternative methods, possibility of A.3.9.1

transaction on terms and conditions incompatible with normal commercial practice A.3.3.2

weighted average (AD 2.2.2(ii)) and A.3.11.2

zeroing (AD 2.4.2) and A.3.8A.1

sunset review (AD 11.3), applicability to: see sunset review (AD 11.3)
  

determination of injury (AD 3/SCM 15)

see also determination of serious injury or threat thereof (SG 4), requirements

calculation of volume of dumped imports (AD 3.1 and 3.2)

calculation of “all other” anti-dumping rate (AD 9.4), relevance A.3.44

see also “positive evidence” / “objective examination” requirement (AD 3.1) below

calculation of volume (AD 2.1) compared A.3.7

method, freedom to choose A.3.18

“positive evidence” / “objective examination” requirement (AD 3.1) A.3.7.1, A.3.18.1-3

AD 9.4, relevance A.3.44.1, A.3.44.3

AD 17.6(ii), relevance A.3.60.3-5

reference to as sufficient indication of legal basis of complaint (DSU 6.2) R.2.2.10

country by country analysis / cumulative assessment of volume and prices (AD 3.2) A.3.20

country by country analysis, whether necessary A.3.20

“positive evidence” / “objective examination” requirement (AD 3.1) A.3.21.1

rationale A.3.21.4

volume and prices as “effects” (AD 3.3) A.3.21.3

country by country analysis / cumulative assessment of volume and prices (AD 3.3), sunset reviews and: see sunset review (AD 11.3), cumulative assessment of volume and prices (AD 3.3) and

determination of actual injury and threat compared A.3.27.3

determination of effect of subsidized imports (GATT VI VI:6(a)), relevance S.2.25A.6

determination of serious prejudice (SCM 6 and SCM 15) distinguished S.2.25A.5

evaluation of injury factors (AD 3.4) A.3.22

all relevant economic factors and indices, need to examine A.3.22.1-2

consistency with WTO agreements of all elements of causality analysis, need for A.3.23A, S.2.25A

evaluation of causal relationship (AD 3.5/SCM 15.5)

absence of provision for / freedom of choice A.3.22, A.3.22.7, A.3.22.9, A.3.24.8, E.3.2.4

collective effect, need for examination A.3.26, S.2.25.2

demonstration of injury, need for (AD 3.5/SCM 15.5) A.3.23A.1, S.2.25A.1

effects of subsidies and of subsidized imports, whether distinguishable S.2.25A.2

evaluation of factors known not to exist, relevance A.3.26.4

failure to establish prima facie case R.4.3.5

injurious effects of dumped goods and of other factors, need to distinguish (AD 3.5/SCM

15.5) A.3.24.3-7, A.3.26.1

non-attribution to dumped imports of injury caused by other factors (AD 3.5/SCM 15.5) A.3.24, A.3.26.3
non-attribution to dumped imports of injury caused by other factors (AD 3.5/SCM 15.5), SG 4.2(b) compared S.1.43

separate record of evaluation of each factor, whether required A.3.22.2

examination of other known factors (AD 3.5/SCM 15.5) A.3.25

dumping and injury analysis / causality analysis, distinguishability A.3.25.3-4

“known” to investigating authority A.3.25.1

“other than dumped imports” A.3.25.1

simultaneous injury to domestic industry, need for A.3.25.1

examination of relevance of factor not listed in AD 3.4, right to 

A.3.22.3

structure of domestic industry A.3.22.5

growth A.3.22.8

evaluation of other AD 3.4 factors and A.3.22.3-4

manner of evaluation A.3.23

“objective examination” requirement (AD 3.1) A.3.22.4

sectoral analysis, right to A.3.22.3 

individual margins (AD 6.10) A.3.1A.1-5

“injury” (AD 3, footnote 9) A.3.15A.1

applicability to AD as a whole A.3.52A.1

“injury” (SCM 15, footnote 45) S.2.25.1

“positive evidence” / “objective examination” requirement (AD 3.1)

calculation of volume of dumped imports A.3.7.1, A.3.44.1, A.3.44.2
confidential evidence, admissibility A.3.16.2

country by country analysis / cumulative assessment of volume and prices (AD 3.2) A.3.21.1

“objective examination” A.3.17

evaluation of injury factors (AD 3.4) A.3.22.4

extrapolation of examined producer/exporter findings to non-examined producers/ 

exporters (AD 6.10) A.3.19.3-6, S.2.27.1 n. 189

good faith/fairness and A.3.17.2

industry as a whole, need to examine A.3.17.3-4, A.3.22.6

proportional attribution between examined and non-examined producers/exporters A.3.19.5-6

“positive” A.3.16.3-5, A.3.17.1

in case of producers/exporters examined individually A.3.19.1

reference to as sufficient summary of legal basis of complaint (DSU 6.2) R.2.2.9

undisclosed evidence A.3.16.2

SCM 15 A.3.27.4-7, S.2.25

standard of review (AD 17.6(ii)), interpretation of relevant provisions of AD: see-standard/powers of review (AB) (AD 17.6)

substantive obligations as focus of AD 3 A.3.15

underlying principles (AD 3.1) A.3.15

sunset reviews and: see sunset review (AD 11.3), applicability of AD 3 (determination of injury)

threat of material injury (AD 3.7/SCM 15.7) A.3.27

determination “based on facts, not merely allegation, conjecture or remote possibility” A.3.27.1, A.3.27.3

a “clearly foreseen and imminent” change of circumstances, need for A.3.27.2, S.2.25B.2, S.7.4.11-14

decisive guidance, need for A.3.27.3, S.2.25B.1

disclosure of assumptions and extrapolations, need for A.3.27.3, S.2.25B, S.7.4.11-13

import prices / effect on domestic prices / effect on demand for imports (AD 3.7(iii)/SCM 15.7(iv)), need to examine A.3.27.6-7, S.3.3.20

methodology, freedom of choice A.3.24.6-7, S.2.25B.5

“significant rate of increase” (AD 3.7(ii)) A.3.27.5, S.2.25B.2-3

“substantially increased importation” (AD 3.7(ii)) A.3.27.5, S.2.25B.2-3

totality of factors, need to consider A.3.27.4, S.2.25B.2, S.7.4.14-15

as responsibility of investigating authorities A.3.27.1

threat of material injury (SCM 15.7) S.2.25B, S.2.25B.2

  

determination of serious injury or threat thereof (SG 4), requirements

applicable law M.5.6, S.1.4.1, S.1.20.1-2

customs unions and free trade areas (GATT XXIV) exception and R.1.6.2

“domestic industry” (SG 4.1(c)) S.1.25

see also “like or directly competitive product” (SG 2.1/SG 4.1(c))

“producers as a wholeS.1.25.5

evaluation of all relevant factors (SG 4.2(a)) S.1.2.1-3, S.1.26., S.7.4.2-3

as a whole S.1.27.2-4

data from recent past / throughout investigation period, relative importance S.1.28.1-2

“evaluation” S.1.26.1

“factors other than increased imports” (SG 4.2(b))

application of measures “to the extent necessary” (SG 5.1) and S.1.36

“at the same time” S.1.29.2-3, S.1.30.2

imports excluded from safeguard measure as S.1.14.1

methodology S.1.30.1-2

non-attribution, need for demonstration of S.1.14.2, S.1.30.1-2, S.1.31

see also determination of injury (AD 3/SCM 15), evaluation of injury factors (AD 3.4)

purpose of provision S.1.36.2, S.2.25A.2

inclusion of all listed factors in notification to Committee on Safeguards (SG 12.2) S.1.41.2

obligation of competent authorities to seek information additional to that supplied by interested parties S.1.26.2

“of an objective and quantifiable nature” (SG 4.2(a)) S.1.27.1, S.1.31.7
“serious injury” (SG 4.1(a)) as factor S.1.26.1

“under such conditions” (SG 2.1), equivalence S.1.12.1

reasoned and adequate explanation S.1.2.1-3, S.1.14.1-2, S.1.26.5, S.1.31.5, S.1.31.7,S.1.46.1-3, S.7.4.2, S.7.4.4, S.7.5.1

“serious injury” (SG 4.1(a)) S.1.23

“material injury” (AD 3, SCM 15.7 and GATT VI) distinguished S.1.23.2

“serious injury” (SG 5.1) distinguished S.1.35.2

“serious injury” (SG 4.1(a)) / “threat of serious injury” (SG 4.1(b))

see also “threat of serious injury” (SG 4.1(b)) below; safeguard measures (SG/GATT XIX),conditions (SG 2), “such increased quantities”

as continuum A.1.32A.2, S.1.23.2

quota modulation and (SG 5.2(b)) S.1.37.1

“serious injury”, higher threshold S.1.24.2

“threat of serious injury” (SG 4.1(b)) S.1.24

see also “serious injury” (SG 4.1(a)) / “threat of serious injury” (SG 4.1(b)) above

“clearly imminent” S.1.24.1
 

developing countries, implementation of DSB recommendations and rulings (DSU 21): see implementation of DSB recommendations and rulings (DSU 21), developing countries and (DSU 21.2); implementation of DSB recommendations and rulings (DSU 21), developing countries and (DSU 21.7 and DSU 27.8)
 

developing countries, special and differential treatment (SCM 27) S.2.35

see also balance of payments restrictions, GATT XVIII:11, Proviso (change in development policy); Enabling Clause; safeguard measures (SG/GATT XIX), developing countries and (SG 9)

de minimis subsidization threshold (SCM 27.10 and 27.11) S.2.35.2

obligations of developing country Members (SCM 27.4) (phase-out/standstill) S.2.35.1

on basis of level “granted” (SCM 27.4, footnote 55) S.2.35.1.2-3

inflation, relevance S.2.35.1.4

as positive obligations S.2.35.1

“prohibited” subsidy status (SCM 3.1(a)) and S.2.35.1.1

special and differential nature of treatment S.2.35.1
  

developing countries (SPS 10), special needs in respect of SPS measures S.6.19.4 n. 1398, S.6.21.2 n. 1398
     

“directly competitive or substitutable products”: see directly competitive or substitutable products (GATT III:2)
     

directly competitive or substitutable products (GATT III:2) D.1

see also determination of serious injury or threat thereof (SG 4), requirements; “like product” (GATT III:2); “like product” (GATT III:4), criteria; national treatment, tax discrimination (GATT III:2); transitional safeguards (ATC 6), “domestic industry producing like and/or directly competitive products”

criteria

consumer preferences D.1.8, N.1.3.2.3, N.1.6

cross-price elasticity D.1.7, N.1.5.1, N.1.6.5

end-uses N.1.5.1

interchangeability D.1.2, N.1.6.1

market place N.1.5.1

physical characteristics N.1.5.1

tariff classifications N.1.5.1

determination on case-by-case basis D.1.8-9, N.1.5.1, N.1.6.6-7

as dynamic relationship (including possibility of latent demand) D.1.1-2, D.1.4-5, N.1.6.1-3

potential to compete as determining factor D.1.10, N.1.6.1

“like” products distinguished: see “like product” (GATT III:2)

object and purpose of provision D.1.4, D.1.6, N.1.6.2, N.1.6.4

objective assessment, need for D.1.8-9, N.1.6.7

ordinary meaning D.1.2, N.1.6.1
  

disclosure/discovery obligation: see due process (dispute settlement proceedings)
 

discretion: see abuse of discretion (panel); due process (dispute settlement proceedings); Working Procedures (panel) (DSU 12.1 and Appendix 3)
 

discrimination: see countervailing duties (SCM, Part V), non-discriminatory basis (SCM 19.3); Enabling Clause; General Exceptions (GATT XX) (chapeau), application of measure as means of arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination; MFN treatment (GATS II); MFN treatment (GATT I); MFN treatment (TRIPS 4); national treatment, regulatory discrimination (GATT III:4); national treatment, tax discrimination (GATT III:2); non-discriminatory administration of quantitative restrictions (GATT XIII); sanitary and phytosanitary measures, appropriate level of protection (SPS 5.5-5.6), consistency in application (SPS 5.5), discrimination or disguised restriction of trade resulting from inconsistency (SPS 2.3); SPS Agreement, basic rights and obligations (SPS 2), arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination, exclusion (SPS 2.3); State trading enterprises (GATT XVII), obligation to comply with GATT principles of non-discriminatory treatment (GATT XVII:1(a))
 

“disguised restriction on international trade”: see General Exceptions (GATT XX) (chapeau), “disguised restriction on international trade”
 

dispute settlement (SCM 30), special or additional rules and procedures (DSU 1.2 and Appendix 2), SCM 4.7 (recommendation for withdrawal of subsidy) J.1.21, S.2.19.4, S.7.7.2
 

domestic judicial proceedings

compliance obligation (DSU 21) and A.3.40C.1-2, R.4.0.13

obligation to comply with DSB recommendations and rulings within a reasonable period of time (DSU 21) and A.3.40C.1-2, A.3.53B.1-2, M.5.18, R.4.0.12-13
 

domestic support commitments (AG 6)

domestic support, right to provide (AG 3) A.1.20.2

export subsidy disciplines, applicability A.1.28.1

domestic support / export subsidy regimes, need to maintain distinction (AG 3) A.1.20, A.1.28.1, A.1.36.1-2

cost of production test and A.1.20, A.1.36.1

spill-over effect of permitted domestic support A.1.20.3-5, A.1.26.5-8, A.1.36.1-2

footnotes, status A.1.37.4

as quantitative limitation (AG 6.3) A.1.14A.1

SCM 3.1(b) (“subsidies contingent … upon the use of domestic over imported goods”) distinguished A.1.14A.2-3, A.1.34E.3-5, A.1.38.2-12, I.3.7.10
 

domestic support measures, calculation of Aggregate Measurement of Support (AMS) (AG Annex 3)

applicability to non-“green box” support (AG 13(b)(ii)) A.1.34C.5.1

“market price support” (para. 8), “eligible” A.1.35.1

measures directed at processors benefiting producers (Annex 3, para. 7) A.1.34E.1-5 inclusion in AMS limited to portion benefiting producer A.1.34E.2
 

domestic support measures, exemption from GATT XVI and SCM Part III measures (AG 13) (“due restraint” clause)

“green box” support (AG 13(a)) A.1.34C.1.1-2

non-“green box” support (AG 13(b)) A.1.34C.1.2, A.1.34C.2.1-6, A.1.34C.3.1-4

“such measures do not grant support to a specific commodity in excess of ” (AG 13(b)(ii)) A.1.34C.2.1-6, A.1.34C.3.1-4

actual support, need for A.1.34C.3.1

calculation method (AMS methodology (AG Annex 3)) A.1.34C.5.1

“commodity” A.1.34C.2.2

“grant” and “decided” distinguished A.1.34C.4.1-2

“specific” A.1.34C.2.3-4, A.1.34C.3.1-4

“such measures” A.1.34C.2.5-6

“support” A.1.34C.2.2
 

domestic support measures, exemption from reduction commitments (AG Annex 2) (“green box”) A.1.34C.1.1-2

decoupled income support (Annex 2, para. 6) A.1.34C.1.2, A.1.34D.2.1-9

amount of payments and type or volume of production, separation requirement (Annex 2,

para. 6(b)) A.1.34D.2.1-9

lawful production, limitation to A.1.34D.2.9

“no production” (Annex 2, para. 6(e)) distinguished A.1.34D.2.7-8

structural adjustment assistance (Annex 2, para. 11) distinguished A.1.34D.3.1-2

clearly defined criteria in defined period requirement (Annex 2, para. 6(a)) A.1.34D.2.1

“fundamental requirement” (Annex 2, para. 1) A.1.34D.1.1-2
  

double taxation measures, justification (Illustrative List, SCM Annex I (item (e)), footnote 59) S.2.38

applicable law / Member’s right to determine applicable rules S.2.38.5, S.2.38.7, S.2.38.10, S.2.38.13 

common elements S.2.38.7

burden of proof S.2.38.3

as exception to prohibited subsidies rule (SCM 3.1(a)) S.2.38.1

“foreign-source income” S.2.38.4-13
 

drafting history: see interpretation of covered agreements, legislative history (domestic) and preparatory work (VCLT 32)
 

DSU, applicability (DSU 1.1)

see also special or additional rules and procedures for dispute settlement (DSU 1.2 and Appendix 2) and the Table of References to the Covered Agreements by Article  

balance of payments restrictions (GATT XVIII:B) J.2.1.4-7

consultation and dispute settlement in anti-dumping (AD 17) A.3.54.1, L.1.2

market access concessions and commitments (AG 4.1) / GATT 1994, consistency A.1.37.2

obligation to ensure conformity (AD 18.4) A.3.62.1

obligation to resort to (DSU 23) R.2.2.12

security and predictability as objective (DSU 3.2) C.3.1.3, P.1.1.4, R.0.7, R.4.3.2, S.8.5
 

DSU, obligatory recourse to when seeking redress for violation of covered agreements (DSU 23) R.0

continued suspension of concessions after removal of inconsistent measure (DSU 22.8) as R.0.2-7

DSU 23.1 and 23.2, linkage and relationship (“in such cases” (DSU 23.2 chapeau)) R.0.1 exclusive forum rule (DSU 23.1) R.0.1

“seeking redress”, continued application of previously authorized suspension of concessions, whether R.0.2

unilateral action, exclusion (DSU 23.2) R.0.1

illustrative nature of listed actions R.0.1
 

due diligence requirement: see transitional safeguards (ATC 6), serious damage or actual threat thereof (ATC 6(2)), Member’s determination of, due diligence requirement
 

due process (application of trade measures) D.2.1

 

due process (dispute settlement proceedings) D.2.2

see also abuse of discretion (panel); sunset review (AD 11.3), parties’ rights; Working Procedures (appellate review) (DSU 17.9); Working Procedures (panel) (DSU 12.1 and Appendix 3)

amendment of measures during proceedings D.2.2.17, R.2.3.10

amicus curiae briefs and A.2.2.6

see also amicus curiae briefs

confidentiality of proceedings (DSU 17.10/DSU 18.2) and C.6.4, W.2.11.3.2 disclosure

consultations and C.7.1, D.2.2.4

fact-finding procedures D.2.2.5

panel proceedings C.7.1, D.2.2.4, T.6.1.4, W.3.5

expert evidence/experts and D.2.2.26-30, S.4.15-18

fair and orderly conduct of proceedings and A.2.3.1, D.2.2.26, R.2.2.8, T.6.2.9

full argumentation of issues, need for A.1.38.15, C.4.27

judicial economy and J.1.10

notification to respondents and possible third parties of nature and parameters of case D.2.2.32

objection to procedures, timeliness: see competence (panels), objections, requirements opportunity to respond to evidence/presentations of other parties B.3.3.15, D.2.2.9-10, D.2.2.19-21, E.3.2.2, O.1.13-16, P.3.1.14, R.2.2.14, S.1.19.2, T.6.2.16-17

defence, time-limits for raising O.1.14-16, S.7.2.5

failure of party to object to timing of defence D.2.2.25, O.1.16

panel reports, rationale (DSU 12.7) and P.1.1.4-5

panel working procedures, need for D.2.2.5-6

panel’s discretion on matters of procedure (DSU 12.1 and Appendix 3) D.2.2.2-3, D.2.2.11, D.2.2.24, J.2.1.3, O.1.1

panel’s obligation to address issues raised by parties (DSU 7.2/12.7) D.2.2.12, D.2.2.14, D.2.2.31, J.1.9, J.1.13, J.2.1.12

panel’s right to adjust timetable S.7.2.5

participation in panel proceedings by third parties (DSU 10) D.2.2.3, D.2.2.11, D.2.2.16

participation in panel proceedings initiated by another complainant (DSU 10) M.4.3

prejudice to party, relevance D.2.2.7, R.2.2.10, R.2.3.7, T.6.2.7-9

request for establishment of panel (DSU 6.2) and D.2.2.32, R.2.2.8

terms of reference, role D.2.2.1, J.2.1.1, R.2.1.1, R.2.1.6, R.2.2.14, T.6.1.2, T.6.1.10, T.6.2.16-17
 

due process (independent judicial, arbitral and administrative review under GATT X:3(b)) P.5.3.2.4
 

due process (investigation of dumping (AD 6)) A.3.29.1

 

due restraint: see domestic support measures, exemption from GATT XVI and SCM Part III measures (AG 13) (“due restraint” clause); judicial economy; proportionality
 

dumping duties, imposition and collection: see imposition and collection of dumping duties (AD 9)
 

dumping/margin of dumping, definition/constituent elements (AD 2.1/GATT VI:1) A.3.1A AD 2.1/GATT VI:1 as definitional provisions not imposing independent obligations A.3.8.4, A.3.65.19

exporter-specific concept A.3.1A.1-5

“for the purpose of this agreement” (AD 2.1) / applicability of AD 2.1 definition throughout Agreement A.3.1A.1, A.3.1A.5, A.3.8.1-4, A.3.39.2, A.3.40A.9, A.3.42.1, A.3.49
injurious effect on domestic industry / causal link A.3.65.1, A.3.65.9-11

intention of dumping A.3.1.1, A.3.61.1, A.3.65.1, M.5.7

margin of dumping (GATT VI:2) A.3.1A, A.3.65.17

product-related A.3.1A.1-3, A.3.65.17
  

duration and review of anti-dumping duties and price undertakings / countervailing measures (AD 11/SCM 21) S.2.29.1, S.2.30.1, S.2.31

see also sunset review (AD 11.3)

obligation to review (AD 11.2/SCM 21.2) A.3.44B.1-2, S.2.31.5, S.2.31.8-9

original investigation and review distinguished S.2.29.2-3

reassessment of cash-deposit rate, relevance A.3.44B.4

requirements (AD 11.2/SCM 21.2)

burden/standard of proof S.2.31.3-4

elapse of reasonable period of time A.3.44B.1-2, S.2.31.8

link between dumping and injury A.3.44B.5

“positive information” A.3.44B.1, S.2.31.8

termination (AD 11.2/SCM 21.2), “immediately” following determination that duty no longer warranted A.3.44B.3, A.3.44B.5, S.2.31.4

 

Abbreviations used on this page