INDEX

R

 

Index:  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X, Y, Z


The texts reproduced here do not have the legal standing of the original documents which are entrusted and kept at the WTO Secretariat in Geneva.


recognition of prudential measures (GATS Annex on financial services): see financial services (GATS Annex), recognition of prudential measures (para. 3)

recognition of qualifications (GATS VII): see also domestic regulation (GATS VI)

by agreement or arrangement (GATS VII:1)

accession to/negotiation of comparable one (GATS VII:2)

developing countries and (GATS IV:2(b))

international organizations, cooperation with (GATS VII:5)

multilaterally agreed criteria, desirability (GATS VII:5)

non-discrimination requirement (GATS VII:3)

notification obligations (GATS VII:4)

existing measures (GATS VII:4(a))

GATS VII:1 agreement or arrangement as basis, need to indicate (GATS VII:4(a))

negotiations on new agreement or arrangement (GATS VII:4(b))

new measures or significant modifications (GATS VII:4(c))

time-limits (GATS VII:4(a))

as option (GATS VII:1)

unilateral/autonomous (GATS VII:1)

demonstration that qualifications should be recognized, obligation to offer opportunity (GATS VII:2)

regional assistance programmes

exemption from domestic support commitments (AG Annex 2, para. 13)

as non-actionable subsidies (SCM 8.2(b)(iii))

“regional body or system” (TBT Annex 1, para. 4)

regional development, assistance for (SCM 8.2(b))

regional trade agreements (GATT XXIV:5(b)): see also customs unions (GATT XXIV:5(a)); economic integration agreements (GATS) (GATS V)

as defence or exception, on formation of free trade area, limitation to

“duties and other regulations … not on the whole higher or more restrictive”

“free trade area” (GATT XXIV:8(a)(ii))

registration (WTO Agreement) (WTO AVI:6)

regulations (SPS): see SPS regulations, transparency (SPS 7 and Annex B)

relationships within and between agreements

AD 10.6/AD 10.7: see retroactivity (provisional measures and anti-dumping duties) (AD 10), “sufficient evidence” (AD 10.7)

AD 18/SCM: see specific action against dumping (AD 18.1) or subsidy (SCM 32.1)

SCM Parts II and III (SCM 10, footnote 35)

remedies: see compensation for non-compliance with covered agreement or DSB recommendations and rulings; countermeasures in case of failure to comply with panel or AB report within specified time-period (SCM 4.10); developing country Members (AD 15), “constructive remedy”; suspension of concessions for non-implementation of DSB recommendations and rulings (DSU 22); “withdrawal of subsidy without delay” (SCM 4.7)

remedies (TRIPS): see also costs/expenses, authority to order (TRIPS 45.2 and 48); intellectual property rights, enforcement procedures (TRIPS)

compensation/remuneration for

acts prior to acceptance of WTO Agreement (TRIPS 70.4)

unjustified provisional measures (TRIPS 50.7)

unlawful detention of goods (TRIPS 56)

damages for infringement (TRIPS 45)

imprisonment/fines (TRIPS 61)

injunction (TRIPS 44)

limitation in respect of acts prior to acceptance of WTO Agreement (TRIPS 70.4)

obligation to provide (TRIPS 41.1)

seizure, forfeiture, disposal or destruction

border measures (TRIPS 59)

criminal procedures and (TRIPS 61)

as deterrent (TRIPS 46)

rental rights, copyright protection and (TRIPS 11 and 14.4)

reports: see Appellate Body (DSU 17), reports (DSU 17.14); panel reports

request for establishment of panel, general considerations (DS 6), timing of establishment (DSU 6.1)

request for establishment of panel, requirements (AD 17.5)

facts made available to authorities of importing Member (AD 17.5(i))

impediment to achievement of objectives, indication of (AD 17.5(i))

nullification or impairment to benefit, indication of how (AD 17.5(i))

written statement (AD 17.5(i))

request for establishment of panel, requirements (DSU 6.2)

consultations, indication as to whether held: see also consultations (DSU 4), establishment of panel, as prerequisite

fruitfulness of action (DSU 3.7), determination by Member

identification of specific measures at issue

legal basis of claim

legal basis of claim, summary, sufficiency, “sufficient to present the problem clearly”

special terms of reference, proposed text

termination of good offices, conciliation or mediation and (DSU 5.3 and 5.4)

writing

request for establishment of panel, requirements (SCM 4.4)

consultations, failure to reach mutually agreed solution

DSB decision not to establish

request for establishment of panel, requirements (SCM 7.4)

consultations, failure to reach mutually agreed solution

DSB decision not to establish

information for: see information concerning serious prejudice, panel’s right to seek (SCM Annex V)

request for and establishment of PSI independent review panel (PSI 4(c))

research activities, assistance for (SCM 8.2 and footnotes 25 and 26)

“industrial research” (SCM 8, 2(a), footnote 28)

“pre-competitive development activity” (SCM 8.2(a), footnote 29)

reservations, consent of other Members, need for

AD 18.2

LIC 8.1

SCM 32.2

TBT 15

TRIPS 72

VAL 21

reservations (WTO XVI:5)

Multilateral Trade Agreements

Plurilateral Trade Agreements

WTO Agreement

retroactivity (countervailing measures) (SCM 20)

in case of

final determination of injury or material retardation (AD 20.2)

final determination of threat of injury (SCM 20.2)

massive imports in short period, GATT-inconsistent subsidy and injury difficult to repair (SCM 20.6)

date of applicability, in cases not covered under SCM 20.2 (SCM 20.4)

definitive duty higher than provisional duty, payment/recalculation (SCM 20.3)

exceptions (SCM 20.1)

negative determination, effect (SCM 20.5)

retroactivity (provisional measures and anti-dumping duties) (AD 10)

in case of

final determination of injury or material retardation (AD 10.2)

final determination of threat of injury (AD 10.2)

conditions (AD 10.6)

AD 10.7 and

history of dumping or awareness of practice (AD 10.6(i))

“massive imports in a relatively short period of time” (AD 10.6)

date of applicability

“after initiating an investigation” (AD 10.7)

in cases not covered under AD 10.2 (AD 10.4)

period of applicable provisional measures (AD 10.2)

products entered for consumption prior to initiation of investigation, exclusion (AD 10.8)

definitive duty higher than provisional duty, payment/recalculation (AD 10.3)

as exception (AD 10.1)

negative determination, effect (AD 10.5)

“such measures” (AD 10.7)

“sufficient evidence” (AD 10.7)

exporters’ knowledge of dumping (AD 10.6), relevance

“injury caused” (AD 10.6) and

retroactivity (provisional measures in case of violation of price or subsidy undertaking) (AD 8.6/SCM 18.6)

retroactivity (rules of origin)

RO 2(i)

RO 3(g)

RO Annex II, para. 3(e)

retroactivity (TRIPS 70.1)

risk assessment: see SPS Agreement, risk assessment, need for (SPS 5.1-5.3 and Annex A, para. 4); TBT Agreement, risk assessment, relevant factors (TBT 2.2)

royalty-based financing (civil aircraft) and “serious prejudice” (SCM 6, footnotes 15 and 16)

Rules of Origin Agreement (RO): see also Committee on Rules of Origin (RO 4.1); Rules of Origin, Technical Committee (RO 4.2 and Annex I)

amendment (RO 6.2 and 6.3)

applicability (RO 1.2)

determinations for purpose of defining “domestic industry” or similar term, exclusion (footnote 1)

consultation and dispute settlement procedures: see consultation and dispute settlement (RO)

customs classification, dispute settlement (RO 9.4, footnote 6)

definitions (RO 1.1)

disciplines (post-transition period) (RO 3)

administration of rules in a consistent, uniform, impartial and reasonable manner (Preamble and RO 3(d))

assessment of origin on request (RO 3(f))

contrary decision in RO 3(h) review and

confidentiality of information (RO 3(i))

“country of origin” (RO 3(b))

country where good wholly obtained

country where last substantial transformation performed

“equal” application (RO 3(a))

harmonization objective and (Preamble, RO 3 and RO 9.1)

judicial, arbitral or administrative review (RO 3(h))

“independent”

“prompt”

judicial proceedings and

non-discrimination (RO 3(c))

non-retroactivity (RO 3(g))

publication in accordance with GATT X:1 (RO 3(e))

disciplines (transition period) (RO 2)

administration of rules in a consistent, uniform, impartial and reasonable manner (Preamble and RO 2(e))

administrative determinations of general application, clear definition of requirements (RO 2(a))

assessment of origin on request (RO 2(h))

contrary decision in RO 2(j) review and

confidentiality of information (RO 2(k))

publication of assessment of origin and (RO 2(h))

judicial, arbitral or administrative review (RO 2(j))

“independent”

“prompt”

non-discrimination (RO 2(d))

non-retroactivity (RO 2(i))

positive/negative standard (RO 2(f))

publication in accordance with GATT X:1 (RO 2(g))

restrictive, distorting or disruptive effects on international trade, exclusion (RO 2(c))

trade objectives, exclusion as instrument of (RO 2(b))

harmonization: see rules of origin, harmonization (RO)

notification of rules of origin, judicial decisions and administrative rulings (RO 5)

circulation of information received (RO 5.1)

as in effect on 1 January 1995 (RO 5.1)

inadvertent omission (RO 5.1)

modification to rules/new rules (RO 5.2)

notification of rules of origin, judicial decisions and administrative rulings (RO Annex II, para. 4)

circulation of information received

modification to rules/new rule

objectives (RO Preamble)

avoidance of unnecessary obstacles

consultation mechanism and dispute settlement procedures: see also consultation and dispute settlement (RO)

“further liberalization and expansion of world trade”

furtherance of GATT objectives

harmonization and clarification of rules of origin

impartial, transparent, predictable, consistent and neutral preparation and application of rules of origin

“increase the responsiveness of the GATT system”

“strengthen the role of GATT”

transparency

preferential rules of origin, Common Declaration (RO Annex II)

“preferential rules of origin” (para. 2)

requirements

assessment of origin on request (para. 3(d))

clear definition of criteria (para. 3(a))

confidentiality of information (para. 3(g))

judicial, arbitral or administrative review (para. 3(f))

“independent”

“prompt”

non-retroactivity (para. 3(e))

notification (para. 4)

positive standard (para. 3(b))

publication in accordance with GATT X:1 (para. 3(c))

review of implementation and operation (RO 6)

technical aspects of Parts II and III, annual reports on (RO Annex I, para. 1(c))

technical aspects, periodic reports on (RO Annex I, para. 1(c))

rules of origin, harmonization (RO)

Committee on Rules of Origin and Technical Committee, responsibility for (RO 9.2(b))

Harmonization of Non-preferential Rules Work Programme: see also Rules of Origin, Technical Committee (RO 4.2 and Annex I), Harmonization of Non-Preferential Rules Work Programme

establishment of mechanism to consider and propose amendments to the results of the work programme (RO 6.3)

initiation (RO 9.2(a))

results, as annex to RO Agreement (RO 9.3)

time-frame for entry into force

timetable, (RO 9.2(a))

principles (RO 9.1): see also rules of origin, harmonization (RO), Harmonization of Non-preferential Rules Work Programme

administration of rules in a consistent, uniform, impartial and reasonable manner (Preamble, RO 2(e) and RO 9.1(e))

coherence (RO 9.1(f))

determination of origin on basis of country where good wholly obtained or where last transformation carried out (RO 9.1(b))

“equal” application (RO 9.1(a))

objectiveness, understandability and predictability (RO 9.1(c))

positive/negative standard (RO 9.1(g))

restrictive, distorting or disruptive effects on international trade, exclusion (RO 9.1(d))

trade objectives, exclusion as instrument of (RO 9.1(d))

Rules of Origin, Technical Committee (RO 4.2 and Annex I)

CCC/WCO and

Chairman, election (Annex I, para. 9)

Committee on Rules of Origin and

information and advice, right to request

periodic consideration of interpretations and opinions of Technical Committee (RO 9.3(a))

work, right to request

establishment

Harmonization of Non-Preferential Rules Work Programme

harmonized definition, request for (RO 9.2(c)(i))

minimal operations or processes

time-limits

wholly obtained in one country

interpretations and opinions (RO 9.2(c))

periodic consideration (RO 9.3(a))

interpretations and opinions (RO 9.2(c)), request for

sectoral approach (RO 9.2(c))

substantial transformation, change in tariff classification, consideration and elaboration (RO 9.2(c)(ii))

organization of work and time-limits

substantial transformation, supplementary criteria, consideration and elaboration (RO 9.2(c)(iii))

explanations of proposals

organization of work and time-limits

meetings, frequency (Annex I, para. 8)

observer status: see Rules of Origin, Technical Committee (RO 4.2 and Annex I), representation (Annex I)

representation (Annex I)

advisers (para. 4)

members of CCC/WCO not also WTO Members (para. 5)

“members” (para. 4)

nominations (para. 7)

observer status

CCC/WCO Members (para. 5)

representatives of governments not Members of either WTO or CCC/WCO (para. 6)

WTO Secretariat (para. 4)

role and responsibilities: see also Rules of Origin, Technical Committee (RO 4.2 and Annex I), Harmonization of Non-Preferential Rules Work Programme

operation and status of RO Agreement

annual reports on technical aspects of Parts II and III (Annex I, para. 1(d))

periodic reports on technical aspects (Annex I, para. 1(c))

origin determination, information and advice (Annex I, para. 1(b))

“such other responsibilities as the Committee may request of it” (Annex I, para. 2)

technical problems in day-to-day administration of rules, examination and advisory opinions (Annex I, para. 1(a))

rules of procedure (Annex I, para. 9)

secretariat

time-scale for work (Annex I, para. 3)

rules of procedure

Council for Trade in Goods, responsibility for establishing (WTO IV:5)/approving (WTO IV:2)

Council for Trade in Services, responsibility for establishing (WTO IV:5)/approving (WTO IV:2)

Council for TRIPS, responsibility for establishing (WTO IV:5)/approving (WTO IV:2)

General Council, responsibility for establishing (WTO IV:2)

Trade Policy Review Body (TPRB), responsibility for establishing